treatment of a surface or structure to resist the passage of water in the absence of hydrostatic pressure.
The weight of a structure itself, including the weight of fixtures or equipment permanently attached to it.
A structural component of the roof of a building. The deck must be capable of safely supporting the design dead and live loads, including the weight of the roof systems, and the additional live loads required by the governing building codes and provide the substrate to which the roofing or waterproofing system is applied the structural surface of a building to which a roof assembly is installed. Decks are either non-combustible (e.g., corrugated metal, concrete, or gypsum) or combustible (e.g., wood plank or plywood).
(1) the deformation of a structural member as a result of loads acting on it; (2) any displacement in a body from its static position, or from an established direction or plane, as a result of forces acting on the body.
Also known as Bowing or Sagging.
A deleterious change in the chemical structure, physical properties or appearance of a material from natural or artificial exposure (e.g., exposure to radiation, moisture, heat, freezing, wind, ozone, oxygen, etc.).
A unit used in estimating the fuel consumption for a building; equal to the number of degrees that the mean temperature, for a 24-hour day, is below the “base temperature”; the base temperature is taken as 65° F (18.3° C) in the U.S.A.
Separation of the laminated layers of a component or system.
The total load on a structural system for the most severe combination of loads and forces which it is designed to sustain.
The temperature at which air becomes saturated with water vapor. The temperature at which air has a relative humidity of 100%.
A floor slab, metal wall panel, roof panel, or the like, having a sufficiently large in-plane shear stiffness and sufficient strength to transmit horizontal forces to resisting systems.
The movement of water vapor from regions of high concentration (high water vapor pressure) toward regions of lower concentration.
The degree to which a material maintains its original dimensions when subjected to changes in temperature and humidity.
U.S. Department of Energy.
A structure projecting from a sloping roof usually housing a window or ventilating louver.
Application of asphalt, slate, or wood roofing such that the lapped portion is at least 2 inches (50 mm) wider than the exposed portion, resulting in two layers of roofing material over the deck.
To apply two layers or flood coats of bitumen and aggregate to a built-up roof.
A vertical pipe or conduit used to carry runoff water from a scupper, conductor head or gutter of a building to a lower roof level or to the ground or storm water runoff system.
The external force (e.g., from the weight of ice and snow) applied to a steep-slope roof system component forcing the component downslope.
An outlet or other device used to collect and direct the flow of runoff water from a roof area.
A metal flashing or other overhanging component with an outward projecting lower edge, intended to control the direction of dripping water and help protect underlying building components.
Free or relatively free from a liquid, especially water; (2) to remove water or moisture.
The temperature of air as measured by an ordinary thermometer.
The thickness, expressed in mils, of an applied and cured coating or mastic. For comparison, see Wet film thickness.
The time required for the loss of volatile components so that the material will no longer be adversely affected by weather conditions such as dew, rain, or freezing.
In waterproofing, an outlet or other device with provisions for drainage at both the wearing surface and waterproofing membrane levels used to collect and direct the flow of runoff water from a horizontal slab.
Any load which is nonstatic, such as a wind load or moving live load.